What is bullying

Bullying is the use of force, coercion, or threat, to abuse, aggressively dominate or intimidate. Bullying is a subcategory of aggressive behaviour characterized by the following three minimum criteria: hostile intent, imbalance of power, and repetition over a period of time. There are actually several types of bullying. In fact, there are six types of bullying: physical bullying, verbal bullying, relational bullying, cyberbullying, sexual bullying and prejudicial bullying. Bullying can belong to one or more category at the same time.

Physical bullying - use physical actions to gain power and control over their targets. Nowadays it is the most obvious form of bullying. Physical bullies tend to be bigger, stronger, and more aggressive than their peers. Examples of physical bullying include kicking, punching, slapping, and other physical attacks.

Verbal bullying - use words, statements, and name-calling to gain power and control over a target. Typically, verbal bullies will use relentless insults to belittle, demean, and hurt another person. They choose their targets based on the way they look, act, behave or with special needs.

Relational - a sneaky type of bullying that often goes unnoticed by parents and teachers. Sometimes referred to as emotional bullying. Relational bullies often spread rumours about others, manipulate situations, and break confidences.

Cyberbullying - when bullies use the Internet, a smartphone, or other technology to harass, threaten, embarrass, or target another person. It is the most common type of bullying. Examples of Cyberbullying: uploading victim's private life photo and video files to the internet, sending mean texts or email. The number of cyberbullying facts increases as technology develops.

Sexual - consists of repeated, harmful, and humiliating actions that target a person sexually. Examples include uninvited touching, crude comments, sexual name-calling.

Prejudicial - is based on prejudices bullies have toward people of different races, religions, or sexual orientation. This type of bullying can encompass all the other types of bullying.